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High Velocity IT 高速IT

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发表于 2020-4-20 15:36:54 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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HVIT高速IT中文版介绍

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* w: J9 @! M6 L1 I- ?7 c/ K" T) q数字化技术变得越来越重要。它的经济,社会和政治影响是前所未有的。同时,对于数字化的从业人员来说,挑战设计,开发,运行和支持满足该需求要求的系统和服务正面临着越来越大的挑战。ITIL®4:高速IT部门专注于数字化产品和服务,包括数字化客户的经验,涵盖了从实践者的角度出发的良好组织实践和心理模型。$ @$ T5 o! {; w8 g* [( }3 l- ]0 u  q* G
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1        受众群体和范围        1 o1 \# i6 H7 u- O: m9 V5 P( E+ b
本出版物针对在越来越数字化的组织中工作的IT和服务管理从业人员。它将帮助那些熟悉传统IT和服务管理概念的人自信地讨论“ 数字化”,发展实际能力,并将新的概念,技术和技术集成到他们的工作方式中。* p' ?, R. q- {
您应该将此出版物用作改进的工具,以了解您和您的同事的工作方式:0 F% \& b5 T$ q/ Z
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/ F- d0 u1 I. |& p●        提供产品和服务' @1 X+ m) `! o% L$ k
●        不断提高您的工作水平
5 b4 T. T: q$ _" x& M●        信任并被信任
" g. j! c- Z; a+ p●        处理不确定性
2 a' L; b$ C  y- D' x●        通过好奇心来提高。  t) U, @: L/ }& c. |" M

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. ~( U! U* b& O. Q该出版物的范围包括数字化价值链中的主要活动,包括从业者的工作以及他们在数字化产品的生命周期中使用的资源,以用于:
$ r, M$ I- t8 A* W1 U$ f. k●        进行正确的数字化投资
5 N* W9 K7 c2 S1 g# K7 b●        实现价值并快速提供弹性数字化产品和服务7 c: k8 `+ @5 E  @8 S2 M
●        确保服务消费者从这些产品和服务中实现价值& L  C& s& M3 x9 h* Z& Y# i
●        确保活动符合治理,风险和合规性的要求。* _- V2 W4 C$ G

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. `+ Y0 f8 N' k. h  E0 \2        背景和背景
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技术进步与创新应用的数字化技术相结合,导致系统变得复杂且不可预测。系统现在包含由参与者以不同程度的可靠性行事的大量组件,从而导致内在的谬误和缺陷。系统及其环境的不断变化意味着这些缺陷也在变更上不断出现。由于冗余和系统中的其他形式的弹性,或者由于人为干预,大多数都太小而不会引起重大问题。
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过去,大多数人认为变更会破坏稳定性,而稳定性会控制变更。更少的更改意味着风险的稳定性降低。在过去的十年中,采用了不同的思维方式。通过减少变更的大小减小了风险的中断。更小,更频繁地将改进,组织的能力更改为变更,从而降低了风险的中断。最近,流行的方法是拥抱并促成变革。6 d0 R- D- B/ E

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所有这些都将环境从“因果的”(如果不是,则是其他)可预测模型更改为易处置的(“如果是,则是也许”)模型。由于无法始终或轻松地预测系统行为,因此思维和工作方式发生了变化:从预测和控制到洞察力和理解;从偶尔的大变化到频繁的小变化;从预先的详细规划到持续的实验和学习;从故障安全到安全失败。这些都不是小事。. x( Y& S0 W- Q$ w* t' X( I

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除了增加基于复杂性的思考和工作方式之外,破坏竖井或至少是孤岛思想也是当前的关注点。同质的群体比异质的群体缺乏弹性和效力。在组织背景中,这意味着专家,团队,部门和组织应把握与广泛人员一起工作的机会。
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幸运的是,许多事情正在发生变化。人们在面向生产或服务的小型团队中有效地工作。自动化通常用于支持IT 流程。不变服务器和基础设施即代码的相互联系的概念被广泛采用。整体系统化思维更普遍。科学思维正在被采用。不可预测性和歧义性在必要时日益被接受。从交付价值的心态转变为共同创造价值的心态。经常需要为数字化功能的快速研发购买和集成外部服务,以作为内部敏捷方法的替代或补充。4 f3 P3 ~) L6 l# H' _. M
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, a9 N0 L- H5 m: Q# Q. V这些变化是正在成为主流的新思维和工作方式的体现。ITIL®4:高速IT建立在这些发展之上,并为之做出了贡献。本出版物中讨论的主题包括:
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●        与数字化技术相关的符合道德的注意事项4 C# u! J0 L) h* u
●        设计思维) f% l6 `# V7 @9 z- m
●        在复杂环境中工作
$ g- K' ^8 i! W1 v* N●        ITIL 4持续改进模型
$ o0 `( Y$ y2 t●        精益文化
% |: Z( F3 |1 V9 o! d6 c●        安全文化9 Z# S" u- D4 c# U
●        精益,敏捷,有弹性和连续的技术。
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4 m% X$ ?9 K* Z) G9 ]/ ~8 s8 ~Digital technology is increasingly important. Its economic, societal, and political impacts are unprecedented. At the same time, it is increasingly challenging fordigital practitioners to design, develop, run, and supportthe systems and services that fulfilthis demand. ITIL® 4: High-velocity IT focuses on digital productsand services, including digital customerexperiences, covering good organizational practices and mental models,all from a practitioner’s perspective.3 B+ L/ o* _1 }+ Q5 ?
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1.1       Audienceandscope      
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This publication is aimed atIT and service management practitioners who work in organizations that are becoming moredigitally enabled. It will help those whoare familiar with traditional IT and service managementconcepts to discuss ‘digital’confidently, develop practical competencies, and integrate new concepts, techniques, and technologies into their ways of working.. O( h) x. f, S. r7 w7 p$ M5 E) n

# A! o3 G2 `2 ~You should use this publication as a tool to improve howyou and your co-workers:' H2 A) E& y/ C* S; e& q5 c3 p0 u
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●   provide products and services$ @$ S2 @/ E/ V6 A; ^
●   continually raiseyour standards of work
8 q* T% H1 |% K' V●   trustand are trusted
; c; V/ G3 }8 _0 {1 u7 x●   accept ambiguity and uncertainty/ c. ]( }# ?" u0 y9 R, [
●   commit to continuallearning.4 m' W8 E' x# l' \2 X# J" z
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This publication’s scope includesthe primary activities in thedigital value chain, including what thepractitioner does and the resources they use acrossthe lifecycle of digitalproducts to:0 H: {' d6 l4 n+ n; G
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●   make theright digital investments
& p+ [& q6 W2 v$ i●   realize and deliver resilient digital productsand services quickly& _7 ~4 I2 ?0 \  v3 r; }  f
●   ensure that the service consumerrealizes value from thoseproducts and services
1 ^1 n. t) k% i! n●   assure the conformance of activities withgovernance, risk, and compliance requirements.0 C* S4 W' A! ?

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1.2         Backgroundand context      
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  C* w; g4 G1 v2 M6 o. _7 R9 q! @Technological progress,combined with innovatively applied digital technology, has resulted in systemsthat are complex and unpredictable. Systems now comprise a multitudeof components produced by parties whoact with varying degreesof dependability, leadingto intrinsic fallibility and flaws. Continual changes to a systemand its environment mean that these flaws also continually change. Most are too small to causesignificant issues, either becauseof redundancy and other formsof resilience in the system, or because of human intervention.
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In the past,most people believed that change disrupts stability, and stability controls change;fewer changes meant lessrisk to stability. In the pastdecade, a different way of thinkinghas been adopted. By reducing the size of change, the risk of disruption is reduced. Smaller, morefrequent changes improve theorganization’s capability to change,thereby loweringthe risk of disruption. Recently, theprevailing approach has been to embrace and enable changes.+ C9 q* v) Q! t# J- A
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All of this has changed the environment from ‘causal’ (if-then-else), predictable models to dispositional (if-then- maybe) ones. Because system behaviourcannot alwaysor easily be predicted, ways of thinking and working shift: from prediction and controlto insight and understanding; from large,occasional changes to small,frequent ones; fromdetailed planningin advance to continually experimenting and learning; and from fail safe to safe-to- fail. These arenot trivial shifts.$ n- M4 i# d9 E. j9 c

+ {  i# V% ^% }& C2 pIn additionto this increase in complexity-based ways of thinking and working, breaking down silos,or at least silo-thinking, is a currentconcern. Homogeneous groupsare less resilient and effective than diverseones. In an organizationalcontext, this means that specialists, teams, departments, and organizationsshould embrace opportunities to workwith a widerange of people.4 Y: m0 q$ A; m

- F* U( s5 B# O  U0 CFortunately, many things are changing.People are workingeffectively in small,product- or service-oriented teams. Automation is used more often to support IT processes. The interrelated conceptsof immutable servers and infrastructure as code are widely adopted.Holistic systems thinking is more prevalent. Scientific thinkingis being adopted. Unpredictability and ambiguity are increasingly accepted as necessary. There is a shift froma mentality of delivering value to one of co-creating value. External services are oftenacquired and integrated for fast development of digital capabilities, as either an alternative or an addition to the internal Agileapproach.& N7 {  o* Q9 ?! u6 s" |

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& C6 \) G3 W& K" O- P6 o) N6 w# Z●   the ethical considerations relevant to digitaltechnology
1 p% Y9 n; z# Q/ d) q/ D+ g●   design thinking
* K0 p* L! R& A2 K9 w" l$ n. l●   working in complex environments
4 l& F2 X1 k6 p, ]6 E" x. t1 l●   theITIL continual improvement model* ?8 }- z$ ?1 j. e9 G& f
●   Leanculture
" N, h2 t' U2 A% j# ]! V9 F: d: Y●   safety culture; H; ?: y! G$ C, I$ E
●   Lean,Agile, resilient, and continuous techniques.
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